Ndola is in Zambia’s copper-belt country, just 10km from the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo. It was founded in 1904 as a trading post and its development was rapid and extensive. As well as having a large copper refinery, Ndola also has an oil refinery to process oil that arrives through a 1 700 km pipeline from Dar es Salaam in Tanzania.
The city is also a commercial and light industrial centre with modern factories, offices and shops in its central business district. In its heyday, Ndola was busier than it is today, with a Land Rover vehicle assembly plant and factories for international companies like Dunlop and Johnson & Johnson..
Its founder was John Edward ‘Chiripula’ Stephenson, and it was established six months after Livingstone, making it the second oldest colonial-era town of Zambia.
As a former English colony, English became the major language of business and education. It’s the first language of only 2% of the population, but the most commonly used second language.
It’s an industrial city with little in the way of recreational activities. Eating and drinking are the main off-duty activities.