Flying and Health
Loosen your muscles and joints with these simple stretches. You can perform them in your seat, but make sure it is in the upright position. Remember to respect the personal space of fellow travellers.
- When planning your next holiday, please check all the health entry requirements for your intended destination. Due to high incidents of yellow fever and other infectious illnesses, the Department of Home Affairs in South Africa has introduced a strict programme to control the spread of these diseases. Warnings have been issued to all border officials and foreign affairs missions to enforce stricter control.Please note: yellow fever vaccination is now valid for life in South Africa.According to International Health Regulations 2005, a valid international yellow fever certificate is required for all travellers:• Over the age of 1 year old• Travelling from a yellow fever risk country or• Having been in transit for 12 hours or more at an airport in a country with a risk of yellow fever transmission.Travellers who are unable to produce a valid international certificate of vaccination on arrival in South Africa will either be:• Placed under quarantine surveillance until their certificate becomes valid or a period not more than 6 days OR• Refused entry into South Africa.• Please note that travellers in transit in Dakar and Accra (not leaving the aircraft), do not require a certificate.A yellow fever certificate becomes valid and offers protection 10 days after the date of vaccination.Travellers from Zambia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Somalia, Sao Tome and Principe are no longer required to produce a yellow fever certificate when coming to South Africa since those countries are now on the World Health Organization’s low risk list.If in doubt as to whether a yellow fever vaccine is required, or to make an appointment for a vaccination, please contact any SA Netcare Travel Clinic branch.List of Countries for which a Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate is required for entry into South Africa: Last update 2017.
Central and South America
Central African Republic
Democratic Republic of Congo
Trinidad and Tobago
Low Yellow Fever Virus risk countries: Eritrea, Sao Tome, Somalia, Tanzania, and Zambia.
It is advisable to ensure your yellow fever vaccination certificate is up-to-date and valid before travelling to, via or from any of these countries.
About Yellow fever
This is an infectious disease caused by a virus transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. It occurs in Sub-Saharan Africa and Tropical South America and has an incubation period of 3 to 5 days. Signs and symptoms include fever, muscle pain with prominent backache, headache, shivers, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, and in toxic phase with severe fever and several body systems affected, including liver failure and jaundice.
SAA has co-operated with the South African Department of Health and International Health Regulations to produce this information. SAA is in no way responsible for the Regulations. New amendments or regulations will be updated from time to time, however, SAA accept no liability for any inaccuracies in the content.
- Malaria kills more than 1 million people each year, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. It causes symptoms that typically include fever and headache, which in severe cases can progress to coma or death.Symptoms may develop as soon as seven days after arrival in a malarial area or up to 9 months after leaving such an area. Symptoms may often be mild in the initial stages:• Generalised body ache• Headache• Cough• Fever• DiarrhoeaIt is advisable to start using prophylactic medicines before visiting a malarial area. Please consult your medical practitioner or nearest travel clinic about the type and use of these medications:• Doxicycline• Malanil• Mefliam• Malarone• PrimaquineIt is also advisable to consult your General Practitioners or nearest travel clinic.
EVD outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo Update
As of 16 October 2018, a total of 220 EVD cases (185 confirmed and 35 probable), including 142 deaths (107 confirmed and 35 probable)1, have been reported in seven health zones in North Kivu Province and three health zones in Ituri Province. An increasing trend in weekly case incidence has been observed The rising trends are likely underestimated given expected delays in case reporting, the ongoing detection of sporadic cases, and security concerns which limit contact tracing and investigation of alerts. Of the 211 confirmed and probable cases for whom age and sex information is known, the majority (60%) are within the 15-44 years age range. Females (54%) accounted for a greater proportion of cases. A total of 20 healthcare workers have been affected (19 confirmed and one probable), of whom three have died.
The MoH, WHO and partners continue to closely monitor and investigate all alerts in affected areas, in other provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and in neighbouring countries. As of 16 October, 34 suspected cases in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are awaiting laboratory testing. Since 11 October, alerts have been investigated in several provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as in neighbouring countries. To date, EVD has been ruled out in all alerts from neighbouring provinces and countries.
WHO advises against any restriction of travel and trade to the Democratic Republic of the Congo based on the currently available information. WHO continues to closely monitor and, if necessary, verify travel and trade measures in relation to this event. Currently, no country has implemented travel measures that significantly interfere with international travel to and from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Travellers should seek medical advice before travel and should practice good hygiene.
For more information please visit: http://www.who.int/csr/don/18-october-2018-ebola-drc/en/
Disinsection is permitted under international law in order to protect public health, agriculture and the environment. The World Health Organization and the International Civil Aviation Organization stipulate two approaches for aircraft disinsection– (1) spray the aircraft cabin with an aerosolized insecticide while passengers are on board or (2) or spray or treat the aircraft's interior surfaces with a residual insecticide (residual method) while passengers are not on board.
Please visit: https://www.transportation.gov/airconsumer/spray for additional information.
- Loosen your muscles and joints with these simple stretches. You can perform them in your seat, but make sure it is in the upright position. Remember to respect the personal space of fellow travellers.• Feet: Circle your feet at the ankles - 20 times per foot.• Legs: Starting with your feet on the floor, bring your legs slowly up towards your chest, as far as you can. Relax them slowly, and repeat three times.• Knees: Press the knees and thighs together, and tighten buttock muscles. Hold to the count of 5, and repeat 5 times.• Hands: Grip the edge of your armrest, and hold to a count of 5 then relax. Repeat 10 times.• Arms: Starting with your arms outstretched, flex at the elbow, and bring them slowly into your chest. Extend them again, and repeat 5 times.• Shoulders: Hunch up your shoulders, hold and slowly relax. Repeat 5 times.• Neck: Move your head slowly towards your right shoulder and hold. Then towards your left shoulder and hold. Move your chin slowly down towards your chest - hold and relax. Repeat 3 times.
We recommend these exercise tips to help you to stay healthy whilst flying, particularly on longer trips.