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Yellow Fever Warning

When planning your next holiday, please make sure that you have read all the health entry requirements for your intended destination. Due to the high incidents of yellow fever and other infectious illnesses, the Department of Home Affairs (DHA) South Africa has introduced a strict programme to control the importation of these diseases. Warnings have been issued to all border officials and foreign affairs missions to enforce stricter control.

PLEASE NOTE: YELLOW FEVER VACCINATION IS NOW VALID FOR LIFE IN SOUTH AFRICA

According to International Health Regulations 2005, a valid international yellow fever certificate is required for all passengers: 

  • Over the age of one,
  • Travelling from a yellow fever risk country or
  • Having been in transit exceeding twelve hours, through the airport of a country with risk of Yellow fever transmission.

Passengers who are unable to produce a valid international certificate of vaccination on arrival in South Africa will either be:

  • Placed under quarantine surveillance until their certificate becomes valid or a period not more than six days OR
  • Refused entry into South Africa.
  • Please note that passengers in transit in Dakar and Accra (not leaving the aircraft), do not require a certificate.

The yellow fever certificate becomes valid/offers protection 10 days after date of vaccination.
 

No Yellow Fever Requirement for Zambia and Tanzania with Immediate Effect
Travellers from Zambia; Tanzania; Eritrea; Somalia; Sao Tome and Principe will no longer be required to produce proof of the yellow fever certificate when coming to South Africa after they were included on the World Health Organization Low risk yellow fever countries list.


During the 136th session of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Executive Board meeting, a review of countries with risk of Yellow Fever transmission and countries requiring Yellow Fever vaccination was conducted and based on the recommendations of the meeting; all travellers arriving into the country from these countries will not be required to produce proof of vaccination against Yellow Fever.


If in doubt whether a yellow fever vaccine is required, please contact any SA Netcare Travel Clinic branch.
For more information, or to make an appointment for a vaccination, please contact SA NetcareTravel Clinic.


List of Countries for which a Yellow Fever Vaccination Certificate is required for entry into South Africa:


It is always advisable to ensure that your yellow fever vaccination certificate is up-to-date and valid before travelling to, via or from any of these countries:
 

Africa Africa Central and South America
  • Angola
  • Guinea
  • Argentina
  • Benin
  • Guinea Bisau
  • Bolivia
  • Burkina Faso
  • Kenya
  • Brazil
  • Burundi
  • Liberia
  • Colombia
  • Cameroon
  • Mali
  • Ecuador
  • Central African Republic
  • Muritania
  • French Guiana
  • Chad
  • Niger
  • Guyana
  • Congo
  • Rwanda
  • Panama
  • Cote D’Ivoire
  • Senegal
  • Paraguay
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Sierra Leone
  • Peru
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Southern Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Gabon
  •  Sudan 
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Gambia
  • Togo
  • Venezuela
  • Ghana
  • Uganda
 
  • Ethiopia
  • Nigeria
 


What is Yellow Fever?

Yellow fever is an infectious vector-borne disease that is caused by a virus transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito vector such as Aedes Aegypti.
 

Mode of transmission

  • Bite of an infected mosquito vector such as Aëdes Aegypti.

Epidemiology

  • Yellow fever occurs in Sub-Saharan Africa and Tropical South America

Incubation Period

  • 3-5 days

Signs and Symptoms of Yellow Fever

  • Fever
  • Muscle pain with prominent backache
  • Headache
  • Shivers
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Toxic phase present with severe fever and several body systems are affected, including liver failure and jaundice.

 NB: Treatment is symptomatic

Indications

  • All travelers from 9 months of age travelling to yellow Fever endemic areas.         

Contra Indications

  • Infants below 9 months
  • Egg allergy
  • Pregnant women
  • Persons with immunosuppression like HIV with CD4 count below 200

Travellers who are in possession of an exemption certificate due to medical reasons will be:

  • Allowed entry
  • Required to report any fever or other symptom to the health authorities AND
  • Be placed under quarantine surveillance

 How to prevent mosquito bites

  • Wear long sleeved clothing
  • Stay in well ventilated rooms where possible
  • Use the mosquito repellents containing DEET to avoid being bitten
  • Burn mosquito coils at night
  • Sleep under mosquito nets
  • Remain indoors between dusk and dawn
  • Cover doorways and windows with screens, but if not available , windows and doors should be closed at night
  • Spray inside the house with an aerosol insecticide
  • Treat clothes with an insecticide registered for this purpose e.g. pyrethroid
     

SAA has co-operated with the South African Department of Health and International Health Regulations to produce this document. SAA's role is to distribute information to all its customers; however, SAA is in no way responsible for the Regulations. New amendments or regulations will be updated from time to time, however, SAA accepts no liability for any inaccuracies in the content.

 

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